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Stonehenge   

Χριστίνα Ζεκολλάρη
Lower B2 2015

Stonehenge is a prehistoric monument located on a chalky plain north of the city of Salisbury, in England. It is a fantastic creation of standing stones set within earthworks. However, nobody knows for sure the purpose of its existence.

This gorgeous and highly complex landmark was built between approximately 5000 and 4000 years ago. As for its construction, it is unidentified how people, centuries ago, moved these massive stones, which seem to be transported as far as 225 km. What is more, the strangest thing about Stonehenge is that, although it is the most intact ring of stones, there are known to be over a thousand remains of stone circles, which means that it is not the only one.

Truth be told, there have been many theories to explain why Stonehenge was constructed. Its massive scale suggests that Stonehenge was vitally significant to the people in the antiquity. An initial observation indicates that the monument’s entance faces the rising sun on the day of the summer solstice. It is considered that ancient astronomers may have used Stonehenge as a kind of solar calendar. Furthermore, recent discoveries point out that Stonehenge was a sacred area, as hundreds of human bones were found at the site.This suggests that Stonehenge could have subserved as an ancient burial ground or a temple of the dead.

Nevertheless, since no written records exist, Stonehenge remains a mystery for the time being.